prosopis chilensis – Deciduous to semi deciduous – Chile
Prosopis Chilensis. Wait. What?
Prosopis Chilensis is the Latin name for the Chilean Mesquite tree. If you live in Arizona, then you are familiar with the Chilean Mesquite Tree. It’s prevalent in our Phoenix area.
What makes it so popular? It provides shade on those long sunny summer days in Phoenix. It doesn’t need much watering, which is excellent for our desert environment.
Chilean mesquite trees grow fast, fertilize themselves, and are pleasing to the eye. They can grow to between 30 and 50 feet high with a widespread. Part of their beauty is the way their roots spread both on top and under the ground. While aesthetically pleasing, their roots can do damage to a nearby pool or foundation.
Like everything, there are just as many pros as cons, even with trees. The most common disadvantages of the Chilean Mesquite tree, aside from how the roots grow, include it being weak enough to be knocked over by a strong wind, and its messiness.
Tree vs. Plant
Some reports claim the Chilean Mesquite is an ornamental plant because it is so appealing. Its branches and roots twist and turn, and the openness of its crown gives it the perfect balance. Grouping the trees, like lining both sides of a long driveway, make them even more beautiful.
Other reports refer to the tree as an evergreen and point out that if it looks and acts like a tree, it’s a tree. Arizona State University defines the Chilean Mesquite as a semi-evergreen, woody perennial tree. We’ll go with that for now.
The “semi” refers to the tree being dormant from December to April in Arizona each year. While this South American original seems like the perfect addition to your landscape, there are numerous guidelines to follow during all phases of the tree’s life.
Planting, growing, and removing the Chilean Mesquite requires specific skills to ensure the tree has the healthiest, most extended life. An arborist or Phoenix-area tree expert should be the first person you call when working with this tree. They can help you at any stage, from planting to removal.
Planting the Chilean Mesquite
The first step, planting, requires that you do so in full sun. Well, that won’t be a problem. During the first year, water the growing tree once a week. After the first year, when the tree is established, limit watering.
It’s easy to see why people think this is the ideal tree.
Pruning and Trimming the Chilean Mesquite
As a young tree, pruning is essential. The tree needs to be pruned by an Arizona licensed tree pruning professional. The pros at Design Tree Maintenance are like barbers. They use their skills to make sure your tree looks more “ooh la la” and less “oh no no.”
The experts can also avoid pruning scars. The Chilean Mesquite is pruned at different times during its life, and only certain suckers, sprouts, twigs, or branches should be cut to enhance growth.
If you begin pruning too soon or trim pieces that are still alive, you could hinder the tree’s growth. It’s been noted that sprouts on a Chilean Mesquite tree will try to grow where there are pruning scars. So, the least amount of scars, the better.
Removal of the Chilean Mesquite
The Chilean Mesquite tree is not as large as some of your other trees, and its branches are known to break easily. However, this does not mean it is an easy tree to remove from your yard. Trees that grow in wild directions may cause more damage during the removal process.
You can see the roots that grew on top of the ground, but you can’t see the ones underneath.
A tree expert familiar with the Phoenix landscape should be hired to remove your tree. They understand root systems, how to fell a tree so that no one is harmed, and what to do with the tree once it is removed.
Plus, they already have all the equipment required to complete the removal process.
Other Benefits of Hiring a Professional
Experts have insurance protection, certifications, and resources. Hiring tree experts gives you access to advice during emergencies, like when the wind blows your Chilean Mesquite tree off its roots in the middle of the night. Professionals in the tree business can assist you in any stage of the tree’s life by creating a blueprint that spans decades.
It’s all about the shade in Arizona, especially during the summer. People and animals search for a shady spot to cool off, or protection when stuck in a storm. It also provides the perfect space for a picnic or for children to play.
The majestic ash tree is known for its beauty. It grows straight up, and its leaves are thick and close together, preventing sunlight from shining through. If you like a shrub that requires little sun or partial sun, plant it under majestic ash for just the right coverage.
It’s shiny green leaves only add to its appeal. Many say the Majestic Ash tree can influence home buyers looking for a yard with large shade trees, that require minimal upkeep and are pest resistant. However, these trees are not suitable for small residences with little land.
This tree sounds too good to be true. But it’s all true.
Below are tips for caring for the Majestic Ash, which is relatively easy, if you ask any Phoenix area arborists.
Majestic Ash Growth
If you plant a young tree, it may need protection if the Arizona winter becomes too cold or harsh. Freezing temperatures will kill younger branches and twigs. It will also defoliate any tree, no matter its size.
Larger trees are sturdier and can grow to 80 feet tall and 60 feet wide. They need full sun and occasional watering if Phoenix doesn’t get rain regularly.
Pruning a tree is tricky. Pruning the Majestic Ash should be done by an Arizona licensed and insured tree expert. Because the tree can grow so large, safety measures need to be taken when pruning. Local Phoenix arborists have the safety equipment, lifters, and everything else required to prune this ash tree the correct way.
Majestic Ash trees have an elevated canopy. To keep its integrity, you need a professional who knows how to maintain its shape without scarring the tree.
The Majestic Ash leaflets it produces, which include up to nine leaves per leaflet, are attached to branches that can become coarse over time, making pruning more difficult. This is something a tree care provider is skilled at handling.
Diseases and Pests
The Majestic Ash is noted as being resisted to both disease and pests. Many ash trees encounter diseases, like ash tree decline, ash yellows, or ash anthracnose. Ash yellows slow the tree’s growth to the point at which it stops growing and begins to die.
Anthracnose results in the killing of twigs and shoots and create defoliation problems.
This is not true for the Majestic Ash, however, which does not experience diseases like these.
You may encounter mites on a Majestic Ash tree, but believe it or not, this indicates your tree is thriving since mites are attracted to healthy trees.
It is always best to have your tree evaluated by a Phoenix tree company to make sure your diagnosis is correct, and what to do if it is not.
Because the Majestic Ash tree’s canopy spreads wide and grows tall, plants and shrubs that don’t need a lot of sun can thrive if planted around its trunk. Phoenix arborists have found it can shade out weeds and Bermuda grass because the sun can’t break through the thick leaves of this ash tree.
Trees often recommended for planting with the Majestic Ash in Arizona are the Mimosa tree, Golden Raintree, and the Newport Purple Leaf Plum tree.
Where NOT To Plant Majestic Ash
Before you start planning the Majestic Ash around walkways, driveways, or any other area you don’t want to see weeds, check with your local tree company. You want to get confirmation the root system and canopy can’t harm the area first.
The roots of this tree do grow on top of the ground as well as below. You may have noticed the roots on top of the ground can be thick and bulky. Picture these roots encountering your paved driveway. The connection could be disastrous for your driveway.
The canopy has many leaves, which means many branches that can break and harm anything or anyone below.
It just makes sense to contact a tree expert in Phoenix when you have any landscaping issues that can turn from a small problem to a massive ordeal in no time. Be safe, call for help so that you can enjoy your Majestic Ash.
If you think the Palo Brea trees are in the same family as the Palo Verde, you are right. The Palo Brea is the Sonoran relative that immigrated to our Phoenix desert area. Some people may call it the Sonoran Palo Verde rather than the Palo Brea.
While very similar, there are a few details that help you distinguish between the Palo Brea and other varieties.
The Palo Brea has blue-green bark that is an eye-catcher due to its sculptural beauty. The trunk twists and turns and appears more like a piece of art created by nature. It’s almost like the colored bark is draping off the tree. The tree stands taller than other Palo varieties, up to 35 feet. There aren’t as many lower branches, making it an exceptional companion tree from Arizona plants and shrubs.
The canopy is just as majestic as other trees within this family due to a widespread, height and an enormous amount of leaves that are bright yellow.
So, how do you care for a tree like the Palo Brea?
What It Must Have to Thrive
According to the arborists in Phoenix at Design Tree Maintenance, Palo Brea trees are like it’s relatives, it needs a lot of sun and not a whole lot of water. That’s what makes them so perfect for your home in the Phoenix area.
Tree experts recommend watering the Palo Brea two times a month in the hot summer, and once a month during the winter.
Growth and Development
Helping the Palo Brea grow and thrive means planting them at the right time, and pruning them the right way.
Any season but winter. That’s the recommendation from local tree companies as to when to plant the Palo Brea. Although the winters in Arizona are typically harsh due to cold weather, and even though the Palo Brea tree has hardiness of 25 degrees, it is still best to plant in warmer months.
When warmer, the tree roots are given the best opportunity to grow, develop, and maintain nutrients that help.
Pruning is essential for the Palo Brea tree, especially if your goals are for landscaping purposes. Pruning should only be done by a local arborist who has the experience and the equipment needed. Because the tree’s branches grow high and wild, it is not as simple to see where and how to prune it. The branches grow crazy in all directions, making it more challenging to determine how a cut will affect the rest of the tree. Arizona licensed arborists are trained to prune the tree correctly.
They know the difference between cold-weather pruning and hot-weather pruning. Colder season pruning can introduce trees to bacterial infections.
They also know when and how to fertilize the tree for best growth and development. Typically, fertilizing happens when the tree is young and stops as it ages.
Local tree companies have access to the right kinds of mulch and fertilizers that include the nutrients and minerals the Palo Brea needs for health.
Many Uses of the Palo Brea
According to research, this Sonoran tree has a waxy coating, which some have used as a glue. It is also said to have medicinal purposes and has a sweet taste. Some chew on it as a snack.
The sap of the tree has been a natural remedy for arthritis and breathing problems like asthma by boiling it into a tea and sipping it.
The Palo Brea is also an excellent companion tree for many plants and shrubs that do not need full sun to thrive.
Let’s Talk Landscaping
At Design Tree Maintenance, we like to follow the guidelines when it comes to planting trees. We have seen what happens when people plant the Palo Brea in areas that are not recommended. Swimming pools are filled with a massive amount of leaves, branches, and seed pods that easily fall from the Palo Brea’s canopy.
When planted too close to where people and animals travel, they receive cuts and scrapes from the thorns that can grow on the tree.
If planted in a grassy area, the Palo Brea does not thrive as well as when planted in an open expanse, where they can grow without bumping into other roots or trees.
If you love this tree, as we do, let us evaluate your landscape with you to find the best possible spot to plant it. Together, we can design a plan that provides beauty without a lot of work, so you can spend more time enjoying your outdoor space.
Parkinsonia or Cercidium – Several varieties. Native to southwestern U.S. and Mexico.
You know it’s Spring and Summer when you’re driving through the desert looking at all the shades of brown in the rocks, sand, and earth. Then BOOM, you see a tree with a green trunk. As you travel up the green trunk and out along its branches, you may see vibrant colored leaves.
Many Phoenix-based tree experts agree these common desert trees give the desert landscape the right amount of colorful beauty to break up the consistency of the natural earth.
What you are viewing is an Arizona state symbol, the Palo Verde tree. It was named the state tree in the 1950s and given its name because “palo verde” means green stick in Spanish. Although the Palo Verde tree can last for hundreds of years, it only grows to a height between 20 and 40 feet.
Several varieties of the Palo Verde tree are common to the Phoenix area. These include yellow, blue, foothill, and museum. Your local arborist can help you choose the right species for your area.
Below are some highlights of the Palo Verde Tree:
- Edible Parts- you can eat the seeds and the leaves of the Palo Verde trees. People today still enjoy them sprinkled on top of their salads.
- Don’t eat the thorns. Yes, the tree has thorns, except for the hybrid, museum species.
- Its roots grow extremely deep, allowing it to tap underground water sources.
- It is not considered a tree that produces pollens relate to allergies because the weight of the leaves prevents them from traveling too far.
- It relies on its green trunk and branches for photosynthesis, which is filled with chlorophyll.
- The broad canopies fill with flower blossoms that contain pods that contain seeds.
- Under their shady canopies, you can view wildlife taking advantage of the cooler area.
It’s hardiness, as well as other benefits, are what makes the Palo Verde trees one of the best options for landscaping. Although it can thrive under extreme conditions, you must still follow tree care guidelines, like the ones below, to ensure your landscape will remain healthy and beautiful.
Planting A Palo Verde Tree
While the Palo Verde tree can withstand a flash flood, it will not thrive if planted in consistently wet or soggy soil. Instead, it needs an area that drains well. It should also be planted in full sun, all day long.
It can take up a lot of space, too, so make sure you do not plant it too close to other trees or your property.
Palo Verde Tree Pruning
The Palo Verde tree grows up, out, and then it spreads out a little more. Therefore, pruning is a must. At least once a year, your local arborist will need to prune your trees.
They know when to start and stop shaping, so they can begin to prune. Shaping is done with young trees, while pruning is done with mature trees.
Arborists know which branches to leave on to keep the tree healthy and how much foliage to eliminate.
Pruning can feel like a puzzle, figuring out which branches to cut to obtain your goal. This is a job for local tree experts.
Even though the Palo Verde tree can survive in dry, hot environments, it still needs to be watered. The age of the tree will help determine how often your tree needs to be watered. Younger, growing trees will need more water.
Arborists can help you establish a watering system and schedule to give your trees the best scenario for growth. In the beginning, this may include packing mulch or straw around the tree that can hold moisture.
More mature trees should be watered at least twice a month in the summer season and less in the winter.
Not all plants play well together, including the Palo Verde. Tree experts familiar with the Arizona landscape can help you pair plants and trees to best satisfy your landscaping goals.
At Design Tree Maintenance, we often suggest pairing the Palo Verde with agave, desert willow, and Texas sage. Because the Palo Verde serves as a nurse plant to the saguaro cacti, we recommend it as well.
Palo Verde Tree Removal
There may be a time when your Palo Verde needs to be removed. Maybe it is dying or already dead. Perhaps its roots are invading spaces they shouldn’t. Maybe you don’t like the tree and want to remove it from your landscape.
No matter what the reason, always hire a local tree removal expert to help with the process. While Palo Verde trees may seem easy to take down, they are not. Save time, money, and potential physical harm by hiring the pros to complete all maintenance of your landscape. This will give you more time to enjoy the outdoors.